This is a very important part of the film: it is what the spectators notice first, and they care a lot about what they see, so it has to get their attention. It must be nice, but it must also be simple, because the pictures have to be easy to understand.
The cameramen are in charge of recording everything according to the “technical script”, which I will explain later. Cameramen use these huge cameras because they can be manipulated and they have very good quality.
Another important point here is illumination. Illuminators use spotlights, mirrors and special light umbrellas to regulate the light of the scenario.
The people who work the image are the director of photography, the cameramen and multiple assistants.
Art includes many things which help to capture the atmosphere of the time and place in the film. Like in theater, the most important sections are scenography, wardrobe and makeup.
µ Scenography is the group of scenarios of a movie, whether they are inner or outer ones.
µ Wardrobe is the group of clothes of the film. They are chosen, designed and created by a team of modists to fit the desired atmosphere.
µ Makeup is a very important point: actors look better with it, but it also allows them to look younger, older, or even somebody else. Makeup was very important in films like A Nightmare on Elm Street.
The best example of good makeup is The Elephant Man. It took seven hours to apply makeup each time
Actors and actresses are the people we see, and they tell us the story of the film. This is why they must be able to interpretate many different roles. For example… (HOUSE, HUGH LAURIE).
This is only an example of a good actor who can adapt himself to different roles. Another example is Jack Nicholson. He’s one of the greatest actors in the cinema history, and some of his films are One Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest and As Good As It Gets.
There are some scenes that normal actors can’t do, so they use stuntmen, who are the people that do the risky scenes, like shootings, fights, fires…
The script is the text that defines what happens in a movie: what people say, what they do, how are the places and the sound… But we have to distinguish the literary script from the technical script.
The literary script describes the places, the music and what actors have to say, and it is written by the scripters. However, the technical script describes the size of shot, the movements of the camera, etc. and it is written by the director and his assistants. Storyboards are usually made for explaining the technical script.
A good literary and technical scripter is M. Night Syamalan, who is the scripter and director of famous paranormal films like The Sixth Sense or Unbreakable.
The director is the most important person in a film: he organizes and controls everything. He has to make the technical script, but he also has to provide guidelines to the actors and to the cameramen. He helps artists with scenography, wardrobe and makeup, and, sometimes, with music too.
Until some time ago, the director wasn’t very important. However, directors are now the recognized creator of a film.
Good examples of directors are Martin Scorsese, who made films like Taxi Driver and The Departed. He is famous for his incredible technical scripts (the camera movements).
We also have Quentin Tarantino, known for making marvelous films that are sometimes very unusual, like Inglorious Bestards. Nevertheless, his most important and known film is Pulp Fiction.
By Vicente Pina Canelles, 4º A